Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals icon

At the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September 2015, more than 150 world leaders adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).  These goals aim to end poverty, hunger and inequality, take action on climate change and the environment, improve access to health and education, build strong institutions and partnerships, and more.

Where in the world?

Achieving the SDGs and the Paris Agreement Articles

World map, showing which countries are engaged with the Partnership for Action on Green Economy
Jiangsu Province, China Mongolia Kyrgyz Republic Mauritius South Africa Uruguay Ghana Burkina Faso Senegal Guyana Barbados Mato Grosso State, Brazil Peru

How PAGE is meeting the Sustainable Development Goals

PAGE is aligned with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in many ways, especially with SDGs that relate to the economy, jobs, the environment and climate change, and partnerships. This alignment with the global sustainability agenda and the contribution it can make towards advancing countries’ sustainability ambitions was recognized in the run-up to the UN Summit on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development  

SDG 1: End Poverty
Sustainable Development Goal 1: No poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Target 1.4: By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance.

Mato Grosso: Planned policy support for smallholder peri-urban farming to promote equal rights to economic and natural resources.

SDG 2: Achieve food security and improved nutrition

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Target 2.3. By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment

Mato Grosso: Planned policy support to the State Development Plan for Smallholder Agriculture and Extraction of National Resources, aiming to increase agricultural productivity.

Sustainable Development Goal 2: Zero Hunger
SDG 4: Quality education
Sustainable Development Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Target 4.7. By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development.

Mauritius:

  • Training of trainers on designing, developing and delivering e-learning, for high quality education for civil servants.
  • Development of a learning needs assessment aiming to integrate IGEInclusive Green Economy into national learning action and programmes.

Consultations related to education on IGEInclusive Green Economy

SDG 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Target 5.C. Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

Mongolia: Analysis on Gender Mainstreaming in the National Green Development Policy of Mongolia.

Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender Equality
SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Target 7.2. By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix

Mato Grosso: Ongoing assessment on generation capacity of solar and biomass energy, aiming to expand infrastructure for renewable energy.

Jiangsu Province:

Target 7.3. By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency

Jiangsu Province: A Green Industry Progress (GIP) Index is forthcoming.

Target 7.a. By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology

Jiangsu Province: Planned assessment on trade in renewable energy and environmental goods and services with developing countries.

Sustainable Development Goal 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Sustainable Development Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Target 8.2. Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors

Ghana: Global review of skills for green jobs with focus on Ghana, aiming to achieve higher levels of economic productivity.

Target 8.3. Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services

Mato Grosso: Planned social accountability matrix to evaluate opportunities for decent job creation.

Consultations on promoting development-oriented and employment policies

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Target 8.4. Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead

South Africa:

Consultations on decoupling economic growth from environmental degradation

Target 8.5.By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value

Barbados: Planned design of a Labour Force Survey to promote green jobs and employment in the environmental sector.

Mato Grosso: Planned policy support to the State Development Plan for Smallholder Agriculture and Extraction of National Resources, aiming to promote productive employment and income generation.

Burkina Faso: Elaboration of the National Green Economy Strategy and Action Plan, aiming to promote productive and decent work, and green employment for the youth.

Jiangsu Province: Green entrepreneurship training focusing on incentivizing green jobs in the construction sector.

Kyrgyz Republic:

  • An IGEInclusive Green Economy Policy Document and Action Plan is being drafted to complement the National Sustainable Development Strategy 2018-2023 and the Vision 2040, mainly focused on achieving full and productive employment.
  • Green Jobs Skills Assessment conducted, and will inform the IGEInclusive Green Economy Policy Document and Action Plan.

Senegal:

  • Upgrade of the Action Plan for Strategic Guidance on Green Economy underway, including planning for productive employment and decent work.
  • Integration of the National Strategy on Green Jobs in the National Employment Plan.

Peru: Training recyclers in waste management to guarantee the sustainability of their business activities and the promotion of green jobs.

Mongolia:

  • Carrying out a green jobs survey to assess the current green jobs situation and progress in 2014 and 2016
  • Production of a green jobs report and dissemination of results

Consultations on decent and productive employment

  • National green jobs strategy (Senegal)

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  • Green Jobs Training Guidebook on “How to measure and model social and employment outcomes of climate and sustainable development policies”.

SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Target 9.2. Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries

Barbados: Planned promotion of inclusive and sustainable industrialization through greening the value chains in the manufacturing industry.

Burkina Faso: Review of the national industrial policy to integrate green and sustainable industrial practices.

Ghana: Review of skills for green jobs aiming to promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization.

Senegal: Recommendations for green industrialization formulated at a High-Level Roundtable on Green Industry.

South Africa: The Green Industry and Trade Assessment identify opportunities for sustainable trade.

Peru: National and regional forums on green industry and dialogue on circular economy.

Consultations on inclusive and sustainable industrialization

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  • Report on Green Industrial Policy: concepts, policies, country experiences
  • Green Industry and Trade Assessment

Target 9.4. By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities

Jiangsu Province: A Green Industry Progress (GIP) Index is forthcoming, promoting increased resource-use efficiency.

Target 9.b. Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities

  • Jiangsu Province: A Green Industry Progress (GIP) Index is forthcoming, promoting industrial diversification, technology development and innovation.
  • Mauritius: The Industrial Waste Assessment is guiding policymakers to develop strategic green industrial policies, through the promotion of recycling and circular economy related activities.
Sustainable Development Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities

Sustainable Development Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities

Reduce inequality within and among countries

Target 10.3. Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard

  • Mato Grosso: Reduction of inequalities for small farmers through planned policy support for smallholder peri-urban farming.
  • Peru: Support for the National Teleworking Policy which promotes the inclusion and employment of vulnerable groups.

SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Target 11.3. By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries

Mongolia: Development, capacity building and implementation of sustainable green school building projects, aiming to inform national policies on green buildings and construction.

Consultation on inclusive and sustainable urbanization

  • Green Building School Design (Mongolia)

Target 11.a. Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, per-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning

Mato Grosso: Planned policy support for smallholder peri-urban farming to enhance the economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas.

Sustainable Development Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
Sustainable Development Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Target 12.1. Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

Jiangsu Province: A Green Industry Progress (GIP) Index is forthcoming, which promotes sustainable consumption and production practices.

Target 12.4. By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

Burkina Faso: Elaboration of the National Green Economy Strategy and Action Plan, which promotes environmentally sound management of wastes, among others.

Senegal: Capacity building for waste management cooperatives, including waste collection centers and central sorting and recycling plants.

South Africa: The Green Industry and Trade Assessment identify opportunities for sustainable trade.

Peru: Training recyclers in waste management to guarantee the sustainability of their business activities and the promotion of green jobs.

Mongolia: Development of a study on industrial waste management and the recycling industry. Another baseline study on waste from end of life vehicles is being carried out, envisaging to examine the possibility for SMEs to process the mentioned waste.

Target 12.5. By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

Barbados: Planned promotion of inclusive and sustainable industrialization through greening the value chains and increasing resource efficiency in the manufacturing industry.

Mauritius: The Industrial Waste Assessment is guiding policymakers to develop strategic green industrial policies, through the promotion of recycling and circular economy related activities.

South Africa: The Green Industry and Trade Assessment identify opportunities for sustainable trade.

Target 12.6. Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

Consultations on adopting sustainable practices

Target 12.7. Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

Consultations on responsible consumption and production

SDG 13: Climate Action

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Target 13.2. Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning

  • Mauritius: Use of climate finance tracking tools within budget planning process and the Treasury Accounting System.
  • Peru: Support for the National Teleworking Policy which promotes the inclusion and employment of vulnerable groups.
  • Mongolia: Development, capacity building and implementation of sustainable green school building projects, aiming to inform national policies on green buildings and construction.

Consultations on integrating climate change measures into national policies

  • Green Building School Design (Mongolia)
  • Teleworking (Peru)
  • Public sector environment expenditure (Mauritius)

Target 13.3. Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

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Target 13.3. Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning

Mauritius: The Industrial Waste Assessment is guiding policymakers to develop strategic green industrial policies, through the promotion of recycling and circular economy related activities.

Peru:

  • Support for the National Teleworking Policy which reduces workers’ environmental footprint.
  • Guide on “Good Practices for Forest Competitiveness” to complement incentive systems for forest management.
Sustainable Development Goal 13: Climate Action
SDG 15: Life on the Land

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

 

Target 15.9. By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts

Mato Grosso: Planned policy support for smallholder peri-urban farming including integration of ecosystem and biodiversity value into national planning in.

 

Sustainable Development Goal 15: Life on Land

SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Sustainable Development Goals 17: Partnerships for the Goals

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Target 17.1. Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection

  • Burkina Faso: Planned finance round table to mobilize funds for the implementation of the National Green Economy Strategy and its Action Plan.
  • Ghana: Participation in a Green Finance Conference and initiation of a demand side study for green finance.
  • Mauritius: Capacity building on green bonds to increase green resource mobilization.

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Target 17.3. Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources

  • Mauritius: Capacity building on green bonds to increase green resource mobilization.
  • Senegal: Upgrade of the Action Plan for Strategic Guidance on Green Economy underway, based on a new position paper from the Economic, Social and Environmental Council.
  • Mongolia: Positioning Mongolia’s banking sector to unlock private finance for green development. A study on demand for green credits was conducted and a working group for developing a Mongolian Green Credit Fund was created.

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Target 17.5. Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries

  • Ghana: Participation in a Green Finance Conference and initiation of a demand side study for green finance.

Target 17. 9. Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the sustainable development goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation

  • Barbados: Planned international cooperation for capacity building within the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) community through a SIDS-SIDS knowledge sharing platform.
  • Burkina Faso: Collaboration with the Poverty-Environment Initiative and SWITCH-Africa Green for integrated and holistic IGEInclusive Green Economy support.

Jiangsu Province:

  • Workshop on Unlocking South-South Trade in environmental goods and services
  • A Green Industry Progress (GIP) Index is forthcoming to measure progress on sustainable development.
  • Green entrepreneurship training focusing on incentivizing green jobs in the construction sector and to enhance capacity of entrepreneurs.

Ghana: Introductory green economy training of trainers delivered, to build capacity of national partners to provide further support to mainstream SDGs in development planning.

Kyrgyz Republic:

  • Consultations to identify IGEInclusive Green Economy priorities across sectors and stakeholder groups.
  • A Green Economy Learning Needs Assessment for civil servants has been initiated.

Senegal: Support for the establishment of a National Platform on IGEInclusive Green Economy.

South Africa:

  • A training of trainers on how to design, deliver and evaluate e-learning with the aim scaling up e-learning for IGEInclusive Green Economy.
  • Planned national green economy academy to build capacities and share knowledge on IGEInclusive Green Economy

Peru: Training recyclers in waste management to guarantee the sustainability of their business activities and the promotion of green jobs.

Consultations related to capacity-building on sustainable development

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Target 17.11. Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020

Jiangsu Province: Workshop on Unlocking South-South Trade in environmental goods and services

Target 17.13. Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence

Peru: Consultations on use of macroeconomic modelling and measurement tools for development of IGE policies, complementing the T21 systems dynamics model

Consultations on policy coordination and coherence

  • Policy recommendations from the IGEInclusive Green Economy Policy assessment and modelling (Mongolia)
  • T21Threshold 21 modelling and other models and measurement tools (Peru)
  • Identify priority work areas (South Africa)
  • Stocktaking and Planning workshop (Barbados and Uruguay)

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Target 17.14. Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development Barbados: Cross-sectoral meetings and multi-stakeholder engagement on defining IGEInclusive Green Economy priority areas and enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.

Burkina Faso:

  • Elaboration of the National Green Economy Strategy and Action Plan, which enhances policy coherence for sustainable development.
  • Review of the national industrial policy to integrate green and sustainable industrial practices.

Ghana: Development of a manual for aligning relevant SDGs into the Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assembly planning processes and complementary training on application of the manual. Guyana: Planned analytical and technical support to develop the Green State Development Strategy through macroeconomic modelling.

Kyrgyz Republic: An IGE Policy Document and Action Plan is being drafted to complement the  National Sustainable Development Strategy 2018-2023 and the Vision 2040. Senegal:
  • Upgrade of the Action Plan for Strategic Guidance on Green Economy underway, based on a new position paper from the Economic, Social and Environmental Council.
  • Integration of the National Strategy on Green Jobs in the National Employment Plan.

Peru:

  • Consultations on use of macroeconomic modelling and measurement tools for development of IGE policies, complementing the T21Threshold 21 systems dynamics model.
  • Support for the development of a national IGEInclusive Green Economy policy and facilitation of consensus-building among public and private sectors and academic partners.
  • Mapping of SDG implementation at national level across sectors and stakeholder groups.

Consultations on policy coherence for sustainable development

  • Policy recommendations from the IGE Policy assessment and modelling (Mongolia)
  • Integration of IGE into the development policy (Mongolia)
  • Identify priority work areas (South Africa)
  • Initial planning workshop (Barbados and Uruguay)

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Target 17.15. Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development

Kyrgyz Republic: An IGE Policy Document and Action Plan is being drafted to complement the National Sustainable Development Strategy 2018-2023and the Vision 2040.

Target 17.16. Enhance the global partnership for sustainable development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries, in particular developing countries

Barbados: Planned international cooperation for capacity building within the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) community through a SIDS-SIDS knowledge sharing platform.

Jiangsu Province: Provincial green economy academy to build capacities and support the implementation of provincial IGEInclusive Green Economy strategies and policies.

Kyrgyz Republic:

  • Consultations to identify IGEInclusive Green Economy priorities across sectors and stakeholder groups.
  • Participation in the International Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Forum to share knowledge and enhance global partnership for sustainable development.

South Africa:

  • Consultations to identify IGEInclusive Green Economy priorities across sectors and stakeholder groups
  • Planned interactive knowledge hub to increase access to IGEInclusive Green Economy knowledge and tools.

Peru:

  • Workshop on “Competitiveness and Sustainability of Water Management in the agro-exportation sector of the Coast region of Peru”.

Mongolia: Sustainability Week including several events and workshops and highlighted the role of a cross-sectoral approach to IGEInclusive Green Economy and interministerial coordination.

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Target 17.17. Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships

Peru: Consultation on green growth and cross-sectoral coordination.

Consultations on public-private partnerships

  • Public and private sector (Senegal)

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Target 17.18. By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts

Barbados: Planned international cooperation for capacity building within the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) community through a SIDS-SIDS knowledge sharing platform.

Burkina Faso: Planned training on system dynamics methodology (T21Threshold 21 model) to evaluate the impacts of the objectives and investments of the National Green Economy Strategy.

Jiangsu Province: Development of Green Economy Progress Indicators to measure progress towards sustainable development.

Mauritius: Use of climate finance tracking tools within budget planning process and the Treasury Accounting System.

South Africa: Development of a national framework for green economy indicators, integrating SDG targets and the goals of the Africa Agenda 2063.

Peru: Consultations on use of macroeconomic modelling and measurement tools for development of IGE policies, complementing the T21 systems dynamics model

Consultations on data availability

  • Policy recommendations from the IGE Policy assessment and modelling (Mongolia)

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Target 17.19. By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

Burkina Faso: Training on system dynamics methodology (T21Threshold 21 model) to evaluate the impacts of the objectives and investments of the National Green Economy Strategy.

Jiangsu Province: Development of Green Economy Progress Indicators to measure progress towards sustainable development.

Mauritius: Use of climate finance tracking tools within budget planning process and the Treasury Accounting System.

South Africa: Consultations to identify IGEInclusive Green Economy priorities across sectors and stakeholder groups.

Peru: Training for modelling experts on short- medium- and long-term economic growth models.

Mongolia: Definition of indicators to measure progress towards sustainable development.

Consultations on measurements of progress on sustainable development

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Investing in all forms of capital

Achieving the SDGs requires significant investments in social capital, natural capital, and financial capital.

PAGE helps deliver on the SDGs by:

  • catalysing additional investment
  • creating a shift in existing investment towards these forms of capital through the reform of macroeconomic policies.

An initial review of the SDGs and their targets shows that most of them can be advanced through an IGEInclusive Green Economy approach.

IGEInclusive Green Economy is an effective tool for achieving sustainable development and poverty eradication. In a green economy, growth in income and employment are driven by policies and investments that prevent the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services which is included in the 2030 Agenda.